Awareness Generation

Awareness Programmes

We organised 200 Awareness Camps in the year 2014-2015 in the following blocks — Sankrail ,Amta I & II, J.B.Pur ,Panchia ,Domjur and Uluberia I & II in the Howrah District. Six Bank Managers and five officers participated in the Self —Help Awareness Camps.10000 women also participated in these camps.
The Mahiia Samity arranged 100 Seminers in the year 2014-2015 at Sankraii ,Amta I & II ,J.B .Pur, Panchla ,Domjur and Uluberia I & II in the District of Howrah.The Seminars included topics like users' course for the Smokeless Chullahs and the usefulness of this environment friendly equipment .About 12000 people participated 'in these Seminars.
We also organised Low Cost Sanitary Awareness programs, Pulse Polio Programs, I-IIV/AIDS & TB Awareness programs ,Plantation programs as well as Lok Adalat Awareness Camps etc. 2500 (Two thousand and five hundred ) men and women participated Some Experts & Lawyers of the Calcutta High Court participated in these programs.
The Samity also organised Awareness Camps for DOTS in co ordination with CBCI Card.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity
* Tuberculosis (GFR-9,AXSHYA) Project
We implemented, like previous years, a Tuberculosis ACSM Project (AXSHYA Project –Global Fund Round 9) in collaboration with District Tuberculosis Unit .Govt.Of west Bengal ,Howrah in 3 BLOCKS : Sankrail, Panchia ,& Domjur ,J.B.Pur. The project is funded by Catholic Bishops Conference of India (CBCI-CARD). The project aims to generate awareness about all aspects of Tuberculosis (Symptoms, Treatment & Care) and acts as a catalyst for more 'early identification" more 'treatment adherence' and greater TB related "stigma-free society. 
In this year the organisation has organized 100 TB awareness camps with various VHSCs/PRIs/SHGs/CBOs in our operational blocks directly covering around 3000 persons. Through these camps and household survey our volunteers have referred 87 suspected patients with TB symptoms for smear testing (TB identification ) in various Govt. DMCs on which 20 new Tuberculosis cases have been identified. The treatments of identified new TB cases are also closely followed up by the organisation 's volunteers apart from the Govt. appointed DOT providers and will complete their respective treatment courses in the coming months.
The organisation also conducted 15 Mid – Media activities (Wall Painting ) on Tuberculosis in the operational blocks . It also participated in observation of World Tuberculosis Day on 24' March and World AIDS Day on 1st December for mass community awareness on Tuberculosis. The organisation had also maintained its active participation in district level TB Forum..


Dhulagori Mahila Samity
* HIV/AIDS Programme
We have been involved in organizing HIV/AIDS awareness camps for several years now. Like each year ,the camps were organized in order to prevent HIV/AIDS. At these camps apart from distributing condoms. The organisation also organised street plays to enhance awareness which covered other subjects like social responsibilities and social stigma suffered by persons carrying the HIV germs .Dhulagori Mahila Samity also arranged GD/FGD for the community people (MSMs, Transgencer, FSWs, Truck Drivers, and Migrant Labours etc) The Organisation provided support for the PLWHA (People Living with HIV/AIDS).Apart from all this ,ICTC (Integrated Counselling and Test Camas)Test Awareness Camps were organized throughout the Howrah District covering mostly all the blocks.


* Services for Adolescent Girls and Boys:

We have initiated Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) awareness process through peer education. It has created a positive sensitivity on gender issues and drug/alcoholism in the community. But it needs to take forward with the arrangement of necessary fund.


We also organize awareness generation programmes on several issues like Pulse Polio, Child labour, Child and Women nutrition, Child and Women Trafficking, Forestation, Dowry system,Early Marriage,sanitization etc.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Pulse Polio Awareness :

Pulse Polio is an immunization campaign established by the government of India to eliminate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against the polio virus. The project fights poliomyelitis through a large-scale pulse vaccination programme and monitoring for polio cases. In India, vaccination against polio started in 1978 with Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI). By 1984, it covered around 40% of infants, giving three doses of OPV to each.

In 1985, the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) was launched to cover all the districts of the country. UIP became a part of child survival and safe motherhood program (CSSM) in 1992 and Reproductive and Child Health Program (RCH) in 1997. This program led to a significant increase in coverage, up to 95%. The number of reported cases of polio also declined from 28,757 during 1987 to 3,265 in 1995.

In 1995, following the Global Polio Eradication Initiative of the World Health Organization (1988), India launched Pulse Polio immunization program with Universal Immunization Program which aimed at 100% coverage. Elimination of polio in India.

The last reported cases of wild polio in India were in West Bengal and Gujarat on 13 January 2011.On 27 March 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared India a polio free country, since no cases of wild polio had been reported in for three years. Though India is announced as an Polio Free Country but it is our responsibility to keep this record & continuing the awareness camp to alert the guardians regarding the disadvantages of Polio disease. Sometimes it comes to know that few people are not interested to come to the pulse polio camps as they belong to some superstitions that it can affect their children health. So it is our duty to go to every family and make understand the parents of the children how they can prevent their child with just "2 Drops" as it is said " Do Bund Zindagi Ki".

Preventing Pulse Polio

The Pulse Polio Initiative (PPI) aims at covering every individual in the country. It aspires to reach even children in remote communities through an improved social mobilisation plan.

Not a single child should miss the immunisation, leaving no chance of polio occurrence.

Cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) to be reported in time and stool specimens of them to be collected within 14 days. Outbreak response immunisation (ORI) to be conducted as early as possible.

Maintaining a high level of surveillance.

Performance of good mop-up operations where polio has disappeared.

Steps involved

  • Setting up of booths in all parts of the country.
  • Initialising walk-in cold rooms, freezer rooms, deep freezers, ice-lined refrigerators and cold boxes for a steady supply of vaccine to booths.
  • Arranging employees, volunteers, and vaccines.
  • Ensuring vaccine vial monitor on each vaccine vial.
  • Immunising children with OPV on national immunisation days.
  • Identifying missing children from immunisation process.
  • Surveillance of efficacy.

Publicity was extensive and included replacing the national telecoms' authority ringtone with a vaccination day awareness message, posters, TV and cinema spots, parades, rallies, and one-to-one communication from volunteers. Vaccination booths were set up, with a house-to-house campaign for remote communities.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness on Child Labor :

Child Labor Free India is social awareness campaign to demand a blanket ban on child labor in the country. There are 6 million children in India working while they get trafficked for forced labor to work in hazardous industries, homes, agriculture farms, thereby becoming victims of severe exploitation.

This is the time to raise our voice and stand in one union to save the future of millions of these victimized children. The campaign aims to bring about an amendment in the existing Child Labor (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, by ensuring a total abolition of child laborers in the country till the age of 14 years.

Virtually all countries have pledged support of the Universal Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and every community has an obligation to uphold the rights of their children. This is why the DMS/DGUP leads efforts to raise awareness about child rights that result in community mobilization and concrete actions, for example, to identify child laborers.

Our Purposes in this issue :

All forms of employment should be prohibited for children up to the age of completion of education in accordance to the Right to Education Act.

Employment of children up to 18 years of age in any hazardous occupation or processes or any economic activity which is dangerous for children must be prohibited in conformity with the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000.

Child labor should be made cognizable and non-billable offense under law and punitive actions against offenders should be made more stringent and time-bound.

An effective national program. with sufficient resource allocation for comprehensive rehabilitation of child laborers and also for clear monitoring and accountability framework must be in place.

India should reiterate its new role as a leader in global economy by immediately ratifying ILO Conventions No. 182 on the worst forms of child labor and the No. 138 on the minimum age of employment at the earliest Survive. Because their bodies are developing and they have limited perception of risk, children need proper nutrition and health care, birth registration, and nationality. They have the right to live with parents or guardians and to be taken care of.

We want these rights of a child to :

  • Be educated. 
  • Play and be healthy.
  • Be safe from hazardous work and exploitation.
  • Develop – physically, intellectually, and culturally.
  • Be protected. This includes being protected from physical and mental abuse, war, disasters, exploitation, neglect, discrimination, and being separated from their families.

They have the right to be involved in issues influencing their lives, including accessing information, communicating points of views, and being listened to.

The handful of civil society workers would not be sufficient to become the voice of millions of children trapped in slavery, therefore these campaign needs all support from everyone in the society.DGUP/DMS works to build a generalized understanding of these rights, and raise awareness of how child labor is an infringement on those rights. We let people know about the harm child labor does, and the urgent need there is to address it.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness Programme on Child & Women Nuitrition :

Every year the lives of around 50 million children are put at risk because they are dangerously thin from acute under nutrition, while the long term health of more than 40 million children is threatened because they are overweight. Two billion people suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiencies, but overweight and obesity are key contributors to the non-communicable diseases that account for almost two thirds (63%) of adult deaths globally. These different forms of malnutrition—under nutrition, overweight and obesity, and micronutrient deficiencies—now affect people across the same communities and harm people of all ages. (Unless otherwise cited, the figures given are WHO estimates.)

Improving nutrition therefore presents a key opportunity to improve health. As the UN secretary general launches his second Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health in September 2015 a strengthened focus on nutrition is warranted, with special attention to the first 1000 days of life (from pregnancy to the child’s second birthday), pregnant and lactating women, women of reproductive age, and adolescent girls.

Good nutrition is fundamental for optimal health and growth. Through its effect on health and cognitive development it is also vital for academic performance and productivity, and therefore for healthy economies and socioeconomic development.

Survey says that in India most of the pregnant lady suffers in lack of nutrition & due to this a large no. underweight children are born these days & some them cannot survive long. Medically it is said a newly born baby should be of 2-3 Kgs, where as the no. of new born babies with these weights are not so much. So that kind of children are sent to "NICU". With equipment designed for infants and medical staff specially trained in newborn care, the NICU is an intensive care unit created for sick newborns who need specialized treatment. Sometimes the NICU is also called: a special care nursery / an intensive care nursery / newborn intensive care.

Why Do Babies Need the NICU?

Babies who need to go to the unit are often admitted within the first 24 hours after birth. Babies may be sent to the NICU if:

  • They're born prematurely
  • Problems happen during their delivery
  • They show signs of a health issue in the first few days of life

Only very young babies (or babies with a condition linked to being born prematurely) are treated in the NICU — they're usually infants who haven't gone home from the hospital yet after being born. How long they'll stay in the unit depends on the severity of their condition. But it is not required if the mother has her proper nutrition during the pregnancy. Not only pregnant ladies but also up growing children requires proper nutrition. So as an NGO we are working on following actions.

Actions to improve adolescent girls’ nutrition :

Adolescent girls should be at the heart of a life course approach—a young adolescent girl is still a child, but often she will soon become a mother. Adolescent pregnancy is associated with higher risk of maternal mortality and morbidity, stillbirths, neonatal deaths, preterm births, and low birth weight. In addition to actions to prevent adolescent pregnancy and encourage pregnancy spacing, efforts are required to ensure that pregnant and lactating teenage mothers are adequately nourished.

Actions to improve child nutrition :

The first 1000 days of life (from pregnancy to the child’s second birthday) present an important window of opportunity to improve child nutrition. The key pillar of any strategy to improve this—in addition to good maternal nutrition and health—is optimal feeding and care for infants and young children. Exclusive breast feeding (defined as the practice of giving an infant only breast milk for the first six months of life, with no other food or water), in particular, has the single largest potential effect on child mortality of any preventive intervention. Timely and adequate complementary feeding, with particular attention to vitamin and mineral content and the nutrient density of foods, is urgently needed.

Actions to improve women’s nutrition :

The health and nutrition statuses of women and children are intimately linked. Improving the health of women and children, therefore, begins with ensuring the health and nutritional status of women throughout all stages of life, and it continues with women being providers for their children and families. Thus, a key priority is female empowerment and women’s full and equal access to, and control over, social protection and resources such as income, land, water, and technology. Direct multispectral actions to tackle critical women’s nutritional challenges, such as iron deficiency anemia, need to be rolled out on a larger scale to achieve universal coverage.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness on Women & Child Trafficking :

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labor, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage or the extraction of organs or tissues, including for surrogacy and ova removal.[8] Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.

Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of trans-national criminal organizations.

The key aims of the anti-human trafficking portal are :

  • Aid in the tracking of cases with inter-state ramifications.
  • Provide comprehensive information on legislation, statistics, court judgments, United Nations Conventions, details of trafficked people and traffickers and rescue success stories.
  • Provide connection to "Track child", the National Portal on Missing Children that is operational in many states.

Also on 20 February, the Indian government announced the implementation of a Comprehensive Scheme that involves the establishment of Integrated Anti Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) in 335 vulnerable police districts throughout India, as well as capacity building that includes training for police, prosecutors and judiciary. As of the announcement, 225 Integrated AHTUs had been made operational, while 100 more AHTUs were proposed for the forthcoming financial year.

Trafficking of children :

Trafficking of children involves the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of children for the purpose of exploit a commercial sexual exploitation of children can take many forms, including forcing a child into prostitution or other forms of sexual activity or child pornography. Child exploitation may also involve forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, the removal of organs, illicit international adoption, trafficking for early marriage, recruitment as child soldiers, for use in begging or as athletes (such as child camel jockeys) or football players. Traffickers in children may take advantage of the parents' extreme poverty. Parents may sell children to traffickers in order to pay off debts or gain income, or they may be deceived concerning the prospects of training and a better life for their children. They may sell their children into labor, sex trafficking, or illegal adoptions.

The adoption process, legal and illegal, when abused can sometimes result in cases of trafficking of babies and pregnant women from developing countries to the West.

Sex trafficking :

Warning of Prostitution and Human trafficking in South Korea for G.I. by United States Forces Korea. Sex trafficking affects 4.5 million people worldwide. Most victims find themselves in coercive or abusive situations from which escape is both difficult and dangerous.

Trafficking for sexual exploitation was formerly thought of as the organized movement of people, usually women, between countries and within countries for sex work with the use of physical coercion, deception and bondage through forced debt. However, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (US), does not require movement for the offence. The issue becomes contentious when the element of coercion is removed from the definition to incorporate facilitation of consensual involvement in prostitution. Sexual trafficking includes coercing a migrant into a sexual act as a condition of allowing or arranging the migration. Sexual trafficking uses physical or sexual coercion, deception, abuse of power and bondage incurred through forced debt. Trafficked women and children, for instance, are often promised work in the domestic or service industry, but instead are sometimes taken to brothels where they are required to undertake sex work, while their passports and other identification papers confiscated. They may be beaten or locked up and promised their freedom only after earning – through prostitution – their purchase price, as well as their travel and visa costs.

Forced marriage :

A forced marriage qualifies as a form of human trafficking in certain situations. If a woman is sent abroad, forced into the marriage and then repeatedly compelled to engage in sexual conduct with her new husband, then her experience is that of sex trafficking. If the bride is treated as a domestic servant by her new husband and/or his family, then this is a form of labor trafficking.

Labor trafficking :

Labor trafficking is the movement of persons for the purpose of forced labor and services. It may involve bonded labor, involuntary servitude, domestic servitude, and child labor. Labor trafficking happens most often within the domain of domestic work, agriculture, construction, manufacturing and entertainment; and migrant workers and indigenous people are especially at risk of becoming victims. People smuggling operations are also known to traffic people for the exploitation of their labor, for example, as transporters.

Trafficking for organ trade :

Trafficking in organs is a form of human trafficking. It can take different forms. In some cases, the victim is compelled into giving up an organ. In other cases, the victim agrees to sell an organ in exchange of money/goods, but is not paid (or paid less). Finally, the victim may have the organ removed without the victim's knowledge (usually when the victim is treated for another medical problem/illness – real or orchestrated problem/illness). Migrant workers, homeless persons, and illiterate persons are particularly vulnerable to this form of exploitation.

Trafficking for organ trade often seeks kidneys. Trafficking in organs is a lucrative trade because in many countries the waiting lists for patients who need transplants are very long.

The Trafficking Network is especially active on village areas where the peoples' lifestyle is below average, families are not well educated, have more children in one family, runs through a lack of money but huge liabilities. The agents are in search of this type of families, who can be easiest target for women & child trafficking. So we are in a mission to aware families against this trafficking activity with a joint collaboration of State Govt. & Central Govt.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness on Forestation :

In forestry, plantations of trees are typically grown as an even-aged monoculture for timber production, as opposed to a natural forest, where the trees are usually of diverse species and diverse ages. A plantation is not a natural ecosystem. Plantations are also sometimes known as "man-made forests" or "tree farms", though this latter term more typically refers to specialist tree nurseries which produce the seedling trees used to create plantations. More generally a plantation is a forest land where trees are grown for commercial use, most often in a naturally regenerated forest but could also be a planted.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness on Dowry System :

When we think of the deep-rooted social evils in our society, dowry system seems to be one of the most influential of them. With its adoption across different communities across religions or caste has led to a century old ceremony turn into a social atrocity. The gift exchange ceremony to induce harmony in the relations has been severely modified to impose forced monetary extraction from the bride’s family. Be it in cash or kind, additional financial burden takes a toll on the sufferer.

“Dowry” in the sense of the expression contemplated through the Dowry Prohibition Act is a demand for property of valuable security having an inextricable nexus with the marriage, i.e., it is a consideration from the side of the bride’s parents or relatives to the groom or his parents and/or guardian for the agreement to marry the bride-to-be.

It has continued to exist for long in the society. The practice, which once was a gift exchanging ceremony, has transformed into a dilapidated social evil, striking the very building blocks of the relation to shatters. The groom’s family seemingly go reluctant to part with the dowry and its the bride’s family which faces the brunt.

The ancient India cannot be accounted for the downfall of status of women in the society and the surge of the dowry system. According to several studies, dowry wasn’t the primary requisite to initiate the selection of the bride. Rather, her personal characteristics, and eticates as a human defined her stance for the perfect partner to the groom.

Effects of Dowry System :

  • Initiates gender imbalance.
  • Social Effects.
  • Decrements status of women.
  • Promotes domestic violence and crime.
  • Economic effects.
  • Deteriorating financial status of bride’s family.
  • Loss of self-esteem among the women.

Law against dowry system :

  • The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005
  • To counteract the abuse women face at their own abode, the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 was passed. It facilitated a civil law solution to protect a woman from domestic violence in India. The definition and the segments included in the legislation are diversified and include all forms of abuse, namely, physical ,emotional, economic, sexual or verbal aggression.

The solution/preventive measures aimed at curbing the dowry system is summarized below :

  • Education :

Education is the primary catalyst of growth in any nation. If we have to reach out across the nation and make sure the mainstream community is at par with the nation’s prospects, education is a necessity. Lack of education leads to irresponsible decisions leading to financial exploitation from a marriage relation. Dowry system is a social evil and owes its origination to ignorance and illiteracy. Eradicating this evil is not possible without educating the society. The legislation aren’t enough to bring a revolution. Rather, the masses are the ones who hold the concentrate to eliminate the dowry system.

  • Making women self-dependent :

The female sect of our society is an active contributor in the development of the home, the society and the nation as a whole. To churn out productivity, and ride upon the reins of development, women empowerment is a necessity. However, owing to the dowry system, they are exploited both emotionally and verbally. It hampers their development and thought process. Hence, ensuring employment opportunities for the female sect and making education feasible seems the first step to ensure annihilation of dowry system from the society. In the long run, legislations will turn out to be effective, if crimes are reported, and a well educated society inclusive of self-dependent women will ensure robust reporting of dowry related crimes.

  • Gender Equality :

The primary reason behind dowry system is the existence of a patriarchal society. Owing to such a social infrastructure, the dowry system still finds its takers and propagators. To ensure removal of dowry system from the nerves of our system, gender equality is the second step. Educating children about the drawbacks of dowry system, and making sure that they inculcate the spirit to boycott it, is the long-term solution to the issue. To eradicate this evil, we need to learn and educate others about the ill-effects of it and it can be achieved by providing equal rights to both genders. Well, granting equal employment opportunities won’t be enough. Rather, altering the mindset of the masses, and making them realize that a girl child is an entity, not a liability is the long-term solution to the issue.

  • Social Awareness Campaigns :

When we speak of awareness and revolution, we have to recall that it cannot be brought about by the legislation or the government alone. We as individuals, make up the society, and the first step for change is to be initiated by the society itself. Dowry system has long been exploiting the weak and hampering the right to peaceful existence of a woman. Well, government can formulate rules, it depends upon the community to follow it or not. Hence, social awareness is the necessity to ensure robust annihilation of dowry system from the nation. It is a feat which cannot be achieved by the government alone. Active community participation is the primary requisite to make people aware of their rights and hence, in the long term, garner women their rights, and grant them apodictic freedom. So it the oath of Dhulagori Mahila Samity to take initiative for a long way to go. The journey is not small, ups  & downs will come simultaneously but we should not stop. We would remove the devil system from it's root.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awarenss on Child Marriage :

What is Child Marriage ?

Child marriage is a violation of children’s human rights. Despite being prohibited by international law, it continues to rob millions of girls under 18 around the world of their childhood. Early marriage denies girls their right to make vital decisions about their sexual health and well-being. It forces them out of education and into a life of poor prospects, with increased risk of violence, abuse, ill health or early death.

Why does it happen :

1) Younger Wives are considered to be more obedient.

2)Laws protecting girls aren't enforced.

3) Families believe early marriage will protect girls' from sexual violence.

4) The older girls get the higher the dowry will be for their parents.

5) There are Inequalities between girls and boys.


Get our news letter Early pregnancy is one of the most dangerous causes and consequences of child marriage. Girls married early are more likely to experience violence, abuse and forced sexual relations. They are more vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections (including HIV).

Going to school gives girls choices and opportunities in life, allowing them to play an active role in their communities and break the cycle of poverty. Girls who are married are unlikely to be in school. Education is essential for girls to be able to make informed decisions about their sexual health and well-being.

How to Stop Child Marriage :

Nothing else option has left instead of doing awareness camps regarding this sensitive issue. It is our responsibilities to aware & educate families (up to our best level) in this anti social issues and DMS does so.

What we do :

1) Support Girls' to get an education and become independent.

2) Increase communities' awareness of children's rights.

3) Educate families about sexual and reproductive health.


Dhulagori Mahila Samity

* Awareness on Sanitization :

Worldwide, an estimated 2.6 billion people do not have access to adequate sanitation. Proper sanitation and hygiene education can prevent the spread of disease? saving lives and protecting communities.

Since sanitation and hygiene practices are linked to preserving and promoting safe water, our approach addresses these issues holistically for a greater, more sustainable impact.   We support communities in constructing hand-washing stations and latrines.

Our efforts are combined with community workshops on health and hygiene.  Through these workshops, people learn healthy practices that help to reduce the spread of malaria as well as diarrhea and other waterborne illnesses in communities.  In addition, proper waste management and garbage collection help to protect land and water. All solutions are locally-driven, to ensure that the program fits in the context of each community.

Your contributions help communities protect themselves and prevent the spread of disease by: 

  • Supporting the construction and improvement of sanitary toilets and composting latrines to help reduce contamination
  • Enabling the installation of hand-washing stations next to latrines in homes and schools
  • Providing education on proper hand-washing and other hygiene practices
  • Empowering local community health workers to train residents in safe garbage and waste disposal
  • Ensuring the safety and security of land and water sources through integrated sanitation, hygiene and water programs